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Viscosity Grades Bitumen

Viscosity Grades Bitumen



Viscosity Grades

Viscosity grades Bitumen are categorized according to Viscosity (degree of fluidity) grading. The higher the grade, the stiffer the Bitumen. In Viscosity Grade, Viscosity tests are conducted at 60°C and 135°C, which represent the temperature of road surface during summer and mixing temperature respectively.

VG 10 Bitumen

VG10 bitumen is the softest grade of viscosity bitumen. This type of bitumen is widely used for spraying applications and surface coating.

VG 20 Bitumen

VG-20 bitumen is a grade of viscosity bitumen used in cold climatic and high altitude regions. This grade of bitumen is suitable for road construction in regions with 30 to 37 °C average temperature.

VG 30 Bitumen

This bitumen is primarily used for the construction of extra-heavy bitumen pavements that have to bear significant traffic loads. Bitumen VG30 is the most widely used type of bitumen in road construction, insulation, building construction industries, and also in the production of cutback bitumen.

VG 40 Bitumen

VG40 bitumen is used in areas in which high pressure comes from heavy traffic loads, such as intersections, near tolls booths, and truck parking lots.

VG-40 is used in highly stressed areas such as intersections, near toll booths, and truck parking lots in lieu of the old 30/40 Penetration grade. Due to its higher viscosity, stiffer Bitumen mixes can be produced to improve resistance to shoving and other problems associated with higher temperature and heavy traffic loads.

Viscosity grade bitumen has a thermoplastic feature which causes the material to soften at high temperatures and to harden at lower temperatures. This temperature viscosity relevance is significant when specifying the performance parameters such as the adhesion, rheology, durability, and application temperatures of bitumen. In the Viscosity Grade Bitumen specifications, the most important emphasis is based on the Bitumen ductility.

Grade Viscosity Range at 60°C (Absolute Viscosity)
VG-10 Bitumen 800-1200
VG-20 Bitumen 1600-2400
VG-30 Bitumen 2400-3600
VG-40 Bitumen 3200-4000

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